For Henrique Oliveira’s first exhibition at Galerie Georges-Philippe and Nathalie Vallois — his first exhibition in Europe — the Brazilian artist (born 1973) transfers the dynamic decay he finds at the borders of his native Sao Paolo to the very heart of Paris. Working with painting, sculpture and installation, Oliveira unleashes a vibrant series of organic (almost parasitic) forms, textures and colors. He combines the very flesh of his native city (through the use of found wood scraps) with a wide spectrum of art historical and scientific references. Winner of the 2010 Premio Marcantonio Vilaça (the Turner Prize of Brazil), and currently exhibiting at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC, Oliveira’s writhing forms are fast becoming inescapable.
In the project room, Oliveira’s torquing column springs from the floor and plunges from the ceiling; the fusion of a stalagmite and a stalactite transforms the gallery into a living cavern. Developed specifically for the space, Oliveira’s installation, is also legible as an archi-Rococo architectural element or a fairy-tale tree. Oliveira suggests that the work “gives the plywood its way back to nature.” Likewise, Oliveira sees his free-standing sculpture Boxoplasmose, also made expressly for this exhibition, as “related to an idea of organic growth.” Coming alive like Lygia Clark’s hinged Bichos, a bulging anthropomorphous form appears to ooze from Oliveira’s roughly cubical base structure.
Meanwhile, Xilempasto 3, a wall-mounted work made of wood laminates applied to the effect of impasto painting, is the kind of work, according to Oliveira “that happens in the fissure between the genres of sculpture and painting.” The swollen and undulating surface of Xilempasto 3 maintains the energy of his coiling column, while preparing the eye for the explosive compositions of his two-dimensional works on canvas.
Here, Oliveira presents four paintings, works that the artist sees following the “logic of collages.” “They are made from a combination of different procedures like pouring, dripping splashing and brushing paint, but made in a way that the viewer can separate them.” Critic Juliana Monachesi has described Oliveira’s appropriation of the gestures and techniques of modern abstract painting as “borrow and refurbish.” And Oliveira has compared his way of working, especially with painting, to that of a DJ — “sampling the different processes taken from informal abstraction in the 20th century and ‘synthesizing’ them to create ‘figures of abstraction’.”
Of course we all know by heart Nicolas Bourriaud’s observation in Postproduction: “This new cultural landscape [is] marked by the twin figures of the DJ and the programmer, both of whom have the task of selecting cultural objects and inserting them into new contexts.” But what is interesting is the depth and nuance of each artist’s tracklist; and the 20th century Brazilian avant-gardists Lygia Clark and Helio Oiticica are surely on Oliveira’s. The Penetrables that Oiticica exhibited at London’s Whitechapel Gallery in 1969, at once a snapshot of Brazilian favelas and a cohesive development of Color Field painting, were vivid environments in microcosm. In much the same way, in Oliveira’s work, “gestures become landscapes,” he says, or “fluid environments, little universes inside other universes.”
Un catalogue comprenant un texte de l’historienne de l’art brésilienne Aracy Amaral, l’une des commissaires de la Biennale Mercosul 2011, a été publié à l’occasion de cette exposition.